Gastroschisis is a birth defect in which an infant’s bowel sticks out of the body through a defect on one side of the umbilical cord. The defect occurs in about 4 in every 1,000 births. (1)
Diagnosis: Prenatal diagnosis of abdominal wall defects is routine, allowing for proper planning prior to giving birth.
Treatment: Surgically correcting the malformation is the only treatment, however, part of the bowel may not develop correctly which can lead to intestinal failure and further intervention to treat nutritional deficiencies.
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D’Antiga L, Goulet O. Intestinal Failure in Children. Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition. 2013;56(2):118-126. doi:10.1097/mpg.0b013e318268a9e3.